“We are brainwaves” – it´s the secret about God, universe and human
‘If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration” (Tesla)
Our brain is a transmitter and receiver of energy, frequency or vibration.
If you want to to find the secret of the universe, think in terms of transducer, transmitter and receiever.
Energy, frequency and vibration is the material and substance of life we working with
Transducer, transmitter and receiever is the tools to work with energy, frequency and vibration to create
⦁ any electronic device that changes one form of energy into another, such as a microphone, which changes sound waves into electrical signals.
⦁ any device, such as a microphone or electric motor, that converts one form of energy into another
A substance or device, such as a piezoelectric crystal, microphone, or photoelectric cell, that converts input energy of one form into output energy of another.
A receptor in a cell membrane, that transmits a signal within a cell or from the exterior of a cell to its interior.
A device that converts one type of energy into another. For example, the transducer in a microphone converts sound waves into electric impulses, while the transducer in a loudspeaker converts electrical impulses into sound waves.
A transducer is one such device for transforming wave, motion, signal, excitation, oscillation or, in general, one form of energy into another form.
This energy conversion may be to or from electrical, electromechanical, electromagnetic, photonic, photovoltaic, or any other form of energy.
The word transducer is derived from a combination of two words: trans means lead and ducer means across.
A sensor is used to detect a parameter in one form and report it in another form of energy (usually an electrical or digital signal), for example a tachometer might detect speed or a pressure sensor might detect pressure (a mechanical form of energy) and convert that into an electrical signal. These devices which perform an input function are commonly called sensors because they “sense” a physical change in some characteristic, for example heat or force or pressure or any such quantity and convert that into another form such as an electrical signal.
Actuator meaning; part of a machine or system that moves something or makes something work
Actuators (also called as power transducers) are electrical devices that transform input energy (control variable) to output mechanical work (acting variable).
Electromagnetic actuators transform electrical and mechanical energy into one another using the electromagnetic-mechanical principle.
A servomechanism that supplies and transmits a measured amount of energy for the operation of another mechanism or system.
One that activates, especially a device responsible for actuating a mechanical device, such as one connected to a computer by a sensor link.
An actuator is used for the transformation of energy or in other words, an actuator is the one which gets actuated or stands responsible for the output action, in that it converts electrical signal into gen-erally non-electrical energy.
An example of an actuator is a loudspeaker which converts an electrical signal into a variable magnetic field and, subsequently, into acoustic waves. These devices which per-form an output function are generally called actuators and are used to control some external devices.
An actuator accepts energy and produces movement (action). The energy supplied to an actuator might be electrical or mechanical (pneumatic, hydraulic, etc.). An electric motor and a loudspeaker are both transducers, converting electrical energy into motion for different purposes. Both sensors and actuators are collectively known as transducers because they are used to convert energy of one kind into energy of another kind; for example, a microphone (input device) converts sound waves into electrical signals for the amplifier to amplify, and a loudspeaker (output device) converts the electrical signals back into sound waves.
Similarly, an ultrasonic transducer switches back and forth many times a second between acting as an actuator to produce ultrasonic waves, and acting as a sensor to detect ultrasonic waves.
There are many different types of transducers commercially available in the market, and the choice of transducers for any application depends upon the quantity being measured or controlled.
Basic knowledge shows that these principles can be applied to everything that´s need to be converted in human life.
The complete transduction (sensing and actuating) process in terms of energy conversion. The input stage consists of a system whose energy needs to be converted, a transducer in the form of a sensor. Similarly, the output stage consists of a transducer in the form of an actuator and a system whose input energy needs to be converted.
Transducers work on the fact that piezoelectric substances create an electric current when struck. This was discovered when certain types of quartz rocks, when struck, generated current. They actually warp slightly as current passes through them. According to the size and shape of the substance, a pulse of sound is emitted. If the substance is small then the sound is in the frequency range (>20,000 Hz) and considered “ultrasound”; if the substance is large enough then the sound will be in the hearing range of humans and we would call it a speaker. This is the basis of all ultrasound transducers. They are ex-tremely high-tech speaker/microphones and because of the small size of the crystals and the brittleness of the materials, they are very fragile. A typical transducer has many crystals. There are many different ways to configure the crystal placement.
Transducers may be classified into a variety of classes based on different parameters such as form of input-output energy used, kind of function they perform, whether self-generating or not, primary or secondary type, etc. Based on the input/output energy sources used, transducers may be classified into the following types:
1. Electromagnetic transducers
2. Electromechanical transducers
3. Electro-acoustic transducers
4. Photoelectric transducers
5. Electrostatic transducers
6. Thermoelectric transducers
Based on the location they are placed and the function they are performing in a system. transducers may be classified into the following types;
I. Input transducers. e.g. microphones
2. Output transducers. e.g. speakers
Based on the location they are placed and the function they are performing in a system, transducers may also be classified into the following types:
I. Sensing transducers (sensor), e.g. microphones
2. Actuating transducers (actuator). e.g. speakers Based on the power generated for their operation, transducers may be classified into the following types:
I . Active Transducers e.g. solar cells, thermocouples. piezoelectric elements. Active transducers arc also called self-generating transducers.
2. Passive Transducers e.g. speakers, strain gauges. Mamal resistors, liquid-crystal displays. Pas-sive transducers are also called modulating transducers. Based on the type of output signal they generate. transducers may be classified into the following types:
I. Analog transducers, e.g. thermocouple
2. Digital transducers. e.g. light sensors
It is important to choose transducers that have the desired frequency, bandwidth, and focusing to optimise inspection capability. Most often, the transducer is chosen either to enhance the sensitivity or resolution of the system.
Based on the type of application. transducers may be classified into the fol-lowing types:
I. Contact Transducers Establish firm contact with I/O devices
2. Immersion Transducers Immersion transducers are typically used inside a water tank (thermo-coupks) in scanning applications.
3. Delay-line Transducers They are designed for use in applications such as high-precision thick-ness gauging of thin materials and de-lamination checks in composite materials.
4. PaIntbrushTransducers They are useful for collmting data for industrial or scientific purposes. Additional tasks include signal processing and manipulation. and instrument and process control.
Piezoelectric devices contain special crystals and these crystals produce a voltage if a pressure is applied to them in one direction. This potential is a result of displacement of charges. As an inverse opera-tion, if a potential is applied across the crystal, the shape of the crystal can be changed. This property of the materials is called piezoelectric property and the materials exhibiting this property are called piezoelectric or electro-resistive materials.
The active element is the heart of the transducer as it converts the electrical energy to acoustic energy, and vice versa. The active element is basically a piece of polarised material (i.e. some parts of the molecule are positively charged, while other parts of the molecule are negatively charged) with electrodes attached to two of its opposite faces. When an electric field is applied across the material, the polarised molecules will align themselves with the electric field, resulting in induced dipoles within the molecular or crystal structure of the material. This alignment of molecules will cause the material to change dimensions. This phenomenon is known as electrostriction. In addition, a permanently polarised material such as quartz (SiO,) or barium titanate (BaTiO3) will produce an electric field when the material changes dimensions as a result of an imposed mechanical force. This phenomenon is known as the piezoelectric effect. The active element of most acoustic transducers used today is a piezoelectric.
Transducers, Energy domain and Application (input and output of energy)
1. Antenna Energy domain (Electromagnetic) Converts electromagnetic waves into electric current and vice versa
2. Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) Energy domain (Electromagnetic) Converts electrical signals into visual form
3. Fluorescent lamp. lightbulb Energy domain (Electromagnetic) Converts electrical power into visible light
4. Magnetic cartridge Energy domain (Electromagnetic) Converts motion into electrical form
5. Photodetector or Photorcsistor (LDR) Energy domain (Electromagnetic) Converts changes in light levels into on’s-lance changes
6. Cassette player. Tape head Energy domain (Electromagnetic) Converts changing magnetic fields into electrical form
7. pH probes Energy domain Electrochemical
8. Load cell Electromechanical Energy domain (Electromechanical) Converts force to mV/V electrical signal using strain gauge
9. Galvanometer Energy domain (Electromechanical) Converts electrical signal to displacement
10. Loudspeaker. earphone Energy domain (Electro-acoustic) Converts electrical signals into sound
11. Human car Energy domain (Electro-acoustic) Converts sound into electrical signals
12. Microphone Energy domain (Electro-acoustic) Converts sound into an electrical signal
13. Laser diode. light-emitting diode Energy domain (Photoelectric) Convert electrical power into forms of light
14. Photodiode. photoresistor. phoiotransistor. LASCR Energy domain (Photoelectric) Converts changing light levels into elecctrical form
15. RTD (Resistance Temperatore Detector) Energy domain (Thermoelectric) Converts changing heat levels into electrical (resistance) form
16. Thermocouple Energy domain (Thermoelectric) Converts changing heat levels into electrical (resistance) form
17. Thermistor Energy domain (Thermoelectric) Converts changing heat levels into electrical (resistance) form
The process of convening one form of energy into another form of energy is transduction and the device is called transducer.
A transducer can be in the form of a sensor or actuator.
A transducer may use various sources of input energy such as mechanical. electrical. chemical, magnetic, etc.
Transducers can be classified into input transducers and output transducers based on the location they are placed and the function they are performing in a system.
Transducers can also be classified into sensor transducers and actuator transducers bred on the location they are placed and the function they are performing in a system.
Transducers can be classified into different types based on forms of inpu✓output energy as electromagnetic transducers. electromechanical transducers. electro-acoustic transducers. photoelectric transducers. electrostatic transducers. thermoelectric transducers. etc.
Based on the power generated for their operation. transducers may be classified into active transducers and passive transducers.
Based on the type of output signal they generate, transducers may be classified into analog transducers and digital transducers.
Based on the type of application, transducers may be classified into contact transducers. immer-sion transducers. delay-line transducers. paintbrush minsilucers. etc.
The principle of operation of a capacitive transducer is based on the equation which is dependent on the plates’ dimensions and characteristics of the dielectric mate-rial and the media between the plates.
The capacitance value C of acapacitive transducer may be changed by changing A. the plate area or d, the plate separation or er the relative permittivity of the dielectric material.
The principle of operation of an inductive transducer is given by the equation which is dependent on the coil characteristics like number of turns. cross-sectional arm. length. etc.
A linearly variable differential transducer. popularly called LVDT. is the most commonly used type of variable inductance transducer and is primarily used to convert a linear displacement into an electrical signal.
A potentiometric transducer is a passive type of transducer wherein a linear or rotational dis-placement is convened into a resistance.
Piezoelectric devices contain special crystals and these crystals produce a voltage if a pressure is applied to them in one direction. This potential is a result of displacement of charges.
When a metallic conductor is either strained by applying a longitudinal stress, the conductor will be deformed and this deformation results in change in resistance of the conductor.
This is the operating principle for any resistive transducers and, in particular, for a strain gauge.
Goals and Objectives
Understand the importance of energy conversion for various electronic applications in everyday life
Understand the basic objectives of transducers in electronics and instrumentation
Understand the differences between the two types of transducers (sensors and actuators)
Gain adequate knowledge on sensors and transducers
Understand the basics of transducers and gain knowledge about working principle, construction and analysis of transducers
To give a clear insight about transducer effects in silicon and other materials v- Emphasise on characteristics and response of transducers
To classify transducers based on different parameters
To impart basic knowledge about different types of errors and error-reducing techniques of transducers
To have an adequate knowledge in resistance transducers
Basic knowledge in inductance, capacitance and piezoelectric transducers
Understand a realistic model of electrical strain gauges
Understand the main operating principles of temperature-measurement devices such as thermistors and thermocouples
To understand and describe the Hall effect
To give a brief overview of multidisciplinary applications of transducers
Be able to give an engineering description and dimension to transducers
Feel confident in selecting a right transducer for any practical application
A micro- or nanosensor is the part of a microsystem that inputs information into the system comprised of the electronic circuit that conditions the sensor signal, the actu-ator responding to the electrical signals generated within the circuit, and the sensor itself.
Thus, the sensor is the interface to the outside world. It converts the input signal from its physical domain to the electrical domain (the actuator works in the opposite way).
The technological advancements of the micro- and nanoelectronic engineering fields have led to a drastic reduction of size and prize in sensors and have enabled sensor integration into single microelectronic chips. In this way, many microsensors (and most recently nanosensors) take advantage of the silicon technologies and the well-known electrical and mechanical properties of this material. Other materials have also been studied and are important elements of modern miniature MEMS, NEMS, and acoustic sensors.
There exist many detection mechanisms including piezoresistivity, piezoelectricity, electrostatic, magnetic, optical, and resonant techniques. Resonant sensors offer many benefits, like improved sensitivity and accuracy, and reduced power consumption, among others. Due to the action of the external excitation, resonator-based sensors change their resonance frequencies, which is detected by a read-out electronic circuit. This change is directly proportional to the magnitude of the input signal, which can be given in one of the physical domains previously mentioned.
The chapter focuses on resonant sensors, and more particularly the main emphasis is on mass and mechanical sensors. Mass sensors detect the amount of mass deposited on the surface of the resonator and the physical mechanism of detec-tion is known as the mass-loading effect.
Thus, the added mass of a film or body deposited on the resonator brings about down shifting of its resonance frequency. On the other hand, mechanical sensors perform pressure, force, acceleration, torque, inertial, and flow sensing, and the physical mechanism involves a strain added to the resonator structure, thus increasing the resonance frequency of the device. In the following sections, we study the concepts, technologies, and some of the most popular MEMS-, NEMS-, and FBAR-based resonant sensor applications.
Miniature mass sensors have wide applications in physical, chemical, and biologic systems, and their sensitivities have made them starring devices in new, convergent microdevices and nanodevices. The operating principle behind mass sensors is the mass loading effect. Therefore, the mass deposited on the resonator brings about down shifting of its resonance frequency.
Within the operation limits of the sensor technology, the frequency shifting is directly proportional to the amount of the deposited mass. The fabrication technology of the resonator conditions the manner in which the mass can be deposited. Mass loading can happen in air, gas, or liquid media, and a physical or chemical interaction between the resonator surface and the medium is needed to fix the mass to the resonator. In some applications, the mass is temporarily deposited, because it is a volatile compound that evaporates or reacts with the media. Strictly speaking, mass loading occurs when a thin-film material grows or is deposited on the resonator in a localized or distributed way, thus covering part or the whole active surface of the device.
For example, thin-film devices like FBARs experience mass loading when their composing layers are stacked to fabricate the device metal electrodes. Resonant mass sensors are characterized by their frequency responses, which are evaluated through frequency-domain read-out circuits or instrumentation. Their sensitivity depends on the resonance frequency, the detection system resolu-tion, and the Q factor of the resonator, among others. Thus, resonators with high
sensitivity than that of low-frequency, low—Q factor, and poor-frequency resolu-tion devices. An unavoidable consequence of mass loading is that it increases the damping, thus decreasing the resonator Q factor. For that reason, the resonator is designed with regard to the application and the sensing medium, which also con-tributes to the Q factor reduction (damping losses are severe in liquid and dense fluids).
Commercially available mass sensors are implemented with acoustic QCM, SAW, and BAW resonators. Also, MEMS- and NEMS-based sensors are being investigated to perform distributed or localized high-sensitivity mass detection. They can be used as distributed-mass or as localized-mass sensors.
A distributed-mass sensor makes use of its whole surface to detect the amount of mass on it, which is deposited, grown, or adhered to it by physical or chemical means. On the other hand, the localized-mass sensor detects the mass of a body with lateral dimensions (in contact with the resonator surface) small enough in comparison to those of the electrode area. The mass sensing capabilities of each technology rely on the different mechanisms described in the following sections.
Nanoparticles are incredibly small carbon molecules often engineered with tinier than you can imagine radio-controlled gigaftop microprocessors now called “smart” molecules or “smart dust”: sensors made from mono-atomic gold particles linked to supercomputers the size of a grain of sand. Or as Brewer Science puts it, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are “flexible electronics [that] would allow high-tech devices to be attached to things that naturally bend and stretch, such as clothing and even human tissue.”‘s Chemtrails are loaded with nanosensors.
According to industrial toxicologist Hildegarde Staninger, Ph.D., when these sensors fall like bad fairy dust, they look like “iridescent glitter.” In the literature, they are called MEMS (microelectromechanical sensors) and GEMS (global environmental M EMS sensors)i6. They record everything, are inhaled and ingested everywhere, and can be remotely communicated with.
The human price of smart dust and nanoparticles raining down on all biological life has yet to be tallied, but we do not need rocket science nor plasma physics to tell us that it will be vast.
Chemtrails: Population Control
Spraying Chemtrails into the atmosphere, and have been using SuperDARN in conjunction to alter the state of minds of the global population, telepathically. He also reveals that there is different additives to the Chemtrails that are sprayed during the day and those at night, and even “Smart Dust” is being sprayed within the atmosphere, which is known to the scientific community as (MEMS) or micro electro mechanical systems, Nano mites, miniaturized robots and sensors that can be absorbed through the skin, and once inside the body can do whatever they have been programmed to do.
Population control and Mind Control (thought control)
Genesis 11 says, ‘Now the whole earth had one language and few words.’ A telepathic language would certainly have few words.
Increasing the negative ion content of the air promotes alpha brain waves and increases brain wave amplitude. This produces ion induced alpha waves to spread from the occipital areas to the parietal and temporal, reaching the front lobes, spreading evenly across the right and left brain hemispheres.
Airplanes observed worldwide with strange sprayers producing chemtrails have not been adequately addressed by any government as to what is being sprayed. One has to wonder if this spray is directly wreaking havoc on human immune systems
The human Mind is already under control of Artificial Intelligence for many people.
When does a human become a cyborg? Cyborg of the Mind
When you study organized gang stalking their behavior iis robotic and they can do same stalking or harassing for several of years. Gang Stalkers are under control of other forces (nano technology and miniaturized robots) Their are design to be robots to act as robots and take over the humans biological functions by overwrite them.
Nano mites is miniaturized robots and sensors in the mind and if these today can control peoples mind and make them speaking, acting, stalking, harassing or tormenting year after year, this may be the light version of a “Cyborg” of the Mind.
Today´s gangstalkers harassing, stalking, shadowing, interfering and synchrnozing their actions simultaneously
Cyborgs today are Cyber-Minds (Miniaturized robots and Artificial controlled Minds or Mind controlled people)
Cyborgs or “CyberMinds People” are already here
You can find many of organizied gang stalkers behavior in Alpha brainwaves abilities;
There exist “thought science” or “Total Individual Control Technology” and a “Scientific Dictatorship” today and there exist a malignant idea to mind control everyone. And if they can control humans brain waves computers will control everyone with teleapthy (Geneis 11 one laangue with few words). The battle is about the human mind and they using advanced technology against humanity to control them or control the masses.
Some facts about Alpha waves;
Increasing the negative ion content of the air promotes alpha brain waves and increases brain wave amplitude. This produces ion induced alpha waves to spread from the occipital areas to the parietal and temporal in the brain, reaching the front lobes, spreading evenly across the right and left brain hemispheres.
For example, at the Alpha level of the brainwave he can:
a) project his sense of awareness to the future and see what is going to happen before it does, through Precognition;
b) project his sense of awareness to the past through Retrocognifion;
c) project his sense of awareness to a person’s mind and know what he is thinking of, through Telepathy;
d) see things which cannot normally be seen through physical sight, through Clairvoyance;
e) see distant places or events without being physically there, through Remote Viewing, etc.
Genesis 11 says, ‘Now the whole earth had one language and few words.’ A telepathic language would certainly have few words.
There exist thought science today and there exist a malignant idea to mind control everyone. And if they can control humans brain waves their computers will control everyone with teleapthy. The battle is about the human mind and they using advanced technology against humanity to control them.
Chemtrails: Population Control
the control of the New World Order has been spraying Chemtrails into the atmosphere, and have been using SuperDARN in conjunction to alter the state of minds of the global population, telepathically. He also reveals that there is different additives to the Chemtrails that are sprayed during the day and those at night, and even “Smart Dust” is being sprayed within the atmosphere, which is known to the scientific community as (MEMS) or micro electro mechanical systems, Nano mites, miniaturized robots and sensors that can be absorbed through the skin, and once inside the body can do whatever they have been programmed to do.
Satan wants to make sure your pineal gland is so overwhelmed with static along with your own selfish thoughts that there is no room left for God’s voice to be heard inside your mind. No one can seek an answer from God with a cell phone glued to their ear, a radio playing loudly, a computer showing movies, or a television blaring. In fact, television, movies and most video games actually produce low alpha brain waves having the exact same patterns as that of a human brain while in a hypnotic state.
Satan’s army has craftily designed gadgets over the years to entertain so no one has quiet time. Technology has been given a place of honor in our homes, and these captivating devices are deluding and eroding our family structure. Instead of people becoming smarter, we are becoming detached, numb, and dumb. Most accept what they are told without any further investigation on their own; slowly brainwashed no longer thinking critically. People love to talk, but few really listen. Righteousness is being mocked in song, sitcoms, movies, and jokes like never before. We are the final generation amusing itself to death right into Satan’s waiting arms.
Technology has good and bad points, which Satan knows how to use to benefit his agenda. For example, ionization of air forms an abundance of negative or positive condensation in nuclei. If negative ions are ingested, they will enhance alertness and feelings of exhilaration. On the other hand, if an excess of positive ions are ingested, a person experiences drowsiness and depression.
Airplanes observed worldwide with strange sprayers producing chemtrails have not been adequately addressed by any government as to what is being sprayed. One has to wonder if this spray is directly wreaking havoc on human immune systems because there seems to be evidence something is causing a rapid decline in human and animal health.
Each year more and more animals are becoming extinct like never before. Are we being slowly poisoned through the very air we breathe and water we drink? Is this all part of an agenda to quickly push mankind, due to fears of some strange virus making humans extinct, into accepting a universal health care system where we first must be willing to take a mark to survive?
Extremely low frequency waves (up to 100 Hz) are not normally noticed, but their resonant effect upon our human body causes physiological and emotional disorders. These waves also subliminally influence brain wave activity causing one to be alert or sluggish. Using waves to affect the brain through radio, cell phones, television, or computers have improved with recent changes to fiber optic cable and mandated removal of analog systems.
Those watching or listening to computers, radio, cell phones, or TV have an increased chance of being targeted without knowing what has happened to them. Silent waves are undetectable. No one has biological capability to pick them up. You cannot use your senses to warn you of their danger; in other words, they cannot be seen, heard, tasted, smelled, or touched. Because they are so elusive, Satan can utilize them as an invisible controller over our human body.
Normal biological sensors are defenseless against these waves. Even fiber optics has the dual ability to allow your TV and computer to be watching and tracking your every move within your own home. Yes, big brother is watching you more than you know.
This know, also, that in the last days perilous times shall come. For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good, traitors, heady, high-minded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God, having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof; from such turn away. 2 Timothy 3:1-5
Alpha waves – relaxed and passive attention