Sweden had their first 81 Knights (templar) year 1181, Rite of Illuminati of Stockholm founded in Sweden (1621), and the first Freemason lodge opened year 1753

 

Q. With what other degrees has the Rose Croix correspondence?

A. In England the Templar, in Scotland the Rosy Cross, and in Sweden the Knights of Palestine
The degree called in the Swedish system, Knight of Palestine, is said to have descended from the Jewish Nethanims, who were a class vowed to defend the Jewish Temple, and identified with the Essenes ; the degree claims to have been introduced into Sweden in the year A.D. 1181 by 81 Knights who were sheltered by the Archbishop of Upsal. The earliest Rites which attached themselves to Speculative Masonry were Hermetic both in England and abroad, and from this union has proceeded our own Rite, and most known systems of Masonry.

Q. What is the history of this degree?

A. It is known to have been practised at an early period last century, and in 1762 a conference was held to enquire whether it was identical with the Templar order which led them to adopt the title of Knight of the Black and White Eagle ; it corresponds in England with the degree of Knight Templar Priest, also called Knight of the Temple of Holy Wisdom, and which was the Commander of the Templar, as the Kadosh of the Rose Croix. The Aspirant to the Templar Priest represented Joshua stopped by the angel of the Lord with his sword drawn in his hand ; the officers were seven pillars, alluding to the words, ” Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars ; ” the Bible had seven seals, and the Aspirant made seven journeys, answered seven questions and received seven passwords, during which he was seven times regaled with fruit and other things ; after which he was finally admitted to the Sanctuary, clothed in white, and crowned with the fair mitre mentioned by the Prophet Hoshea. Corresponding with these grades, is the Prince of the Royal Secret, or the Commander’s degree of the Swedish Knights of Palestine, or Templar, in which also are seven journeys and seven passwords, which symbolise the entry to as many eastern ports ; and teaching, moreover, that the Rite consisted originally of seven degrees, and that Masonry is the disguised Order of the Temple.
The Order of Sion – become Prieure de Sion, and also Rose-Croix. The Knight Templars became the first European wide International Bankers.The Prieure de Sion is intimaterly conneted to the creation and guidance of the Rosicrucians and Freemasons. In the “Be Wise as Serpents” book, chapter 12 it talks about how the Prieure de Sion set up the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry.

The Viking Age, the years from 750-1050 (Crusadors). Pirate raids on Europe

Priory of Sion etablished 1099 – on a small hill outside the city walls. It was an elite order of Crusador knight

Knight Templars (Crusadors) 1119-1312

The Priory of Sion – become Prieure de Sion (the “Priory of Sion”), and Rose-Croix. The Knight Templars became the first European wide International Bankers.The Prieure de Sion is intimaterly conneted to the creation and guidance of the Rosicrucians and Freemasons. In the “Be Wise as Serpents” book, chapter 12 it talks about how the Prieure de Sion set up the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry.

Sweden had 81 Knight (templars) year 1181 in Upsal.
The oldest central bank in the world is the Riksbank of Sweden which was opened 1668 with help of Dutch businessman (Bank of the Swedish Realm) opens as the world’s first central bank, this was folloed by Bank of England in 1694.

Where have the modern templars made their seat of power? Switzerland. Where is their World’s Central Bank located? Basel, which has the same phonetic sound as Basil-eus: King. The Knights Templar created the first banking system during the crusades, and converted the over 800 castles that they seized into their banks. Today, the World Bank in Basel is known as the Bank for International Settlements. Riksbank of Sweden acquired shares in the BIS (Bank for International Settlements in Basel) when it was established in 1930, albeit not as a founding institution. Currently the Riksbank holds 17,244 shares, corresponding to approximately 3.2 per cent of the total number of shares.

The first nine Templars were strongly encouraged and assisted by King Baldwin II, the Christian ruler of Jerusalem. Overall, the numbers of Templars in the Holy Land did not begin to increase until after 1129.
By the 1170s we know there were about three hundred knights.
Sweden had 81 Knights year 1181

Royal Order of Heredom and Rosy Cross, said to have been founded by King Robert Bruce at Kilwinning, after the battle of Ban-nockburn, in 1314. This order is confined exclusively to Scotland, and is given only to those who have attained high positions in the Fraternity. The Swedish Rite, or that practiced by the sanction of the Grand Lodge of Sweden, was founded upon the above order.

The oldest now existing Swedish Orders of Knighthood are those of the Seraphim, Svard (Sword) and Nordstjarna (North Star) … This order, which is only conferred on the highest Officers of the Orders of Free Masonry

The Swedish Order of the Seraphim, founded in 1334, renewed 1656, and 1748. Magnus The third, king of Sweden instituted this order in 1334. The Badge concist of an eight pointed white enamelled Cross of Gold; in the four principal angles, are disposed eight seraphim in carnation-coloured enamel. In the center of this cross, is a blue enamelled Shield, on which appear the initials of the name Jesus – J.H.S. in letters of Gold (text from early 1300s)

The Seraphim of Sweden

The Officers of The Order – The Kings of Sweden shall be perpetual Grand Masters of this Order (text is from 1334)
The King of Sweden is Lord and Master of the Order of the Seraphim and of all other Swedish Orders of Knighthood (text is from early 1300s)

CHERUBIN was also the name of an ancient military order in Sweden, otherwise called the order of seraphim. It was instituted by Magnus IV. and abolished by Charles IX. It took its denomination from the golden figures of cherubins,whereof the collar-of the-order was composed.
The Knight grand cross of the Royal swedish miltary order of the sword

The Scandinavian Rite of Freemasonry is in the hands of a pro-Nazi elite, headed in Sweden by the Teutonic Knights, directing Neotemplars of the Swedish Rite, who are operating in every Scandinavian country and Germany to this day. This Masonic-Knightood is so powerful that no country lifted arms against Sweden during the Second World War. In fact, the Swedish government even got paid for train tickets issued to the occupying Nazi forces passing through Sweden.

BEYOND THE BULL

One country where the papal bulls had little or no influence on The Craft was Sweden, which had been staunchly Lutheran since the Reformation. In 1753, Count Carl Frederik Scheffer, who had been initiated while he was living in Paris in 1737, was elected Grand Master of the Lodge St Jean, which considered itself the Mother Lodge of Sweden, and thereby entitled to issue warrants to other lodges in the country. Despite his noble background, Scheffer was influential in introducing men from other classes in The Craft. In 1756, Carl Frederik Eckleff and six fellow Freemasons formed the Scottish lodge L’Innocent in Stockholm, working the so-called Scottish St Andrew’s degrees. Three years later, Eckleff established a Grand Chapter in the capital. In 1760 the Grand Lodge of Sweden was established, and was recognized ten years later as a national Grand Lodge by the Grand Lodge of England.

The Swedish Rite has its origin in the work led by first Carl Friedrich Eckleff. The Swedish monarchy has always played an active role in The Craft there and, for more than 200 years. succeeding Swedish kings have served as Grand Master. Indeed it was a Swedish monarch who introduced Britain’s Edward VII into The Craft when, as Prince of Wales. Edward was on an official visit to Stockholm in 1868. In 1780 and again in 1800 Karl III revised the rituals of the Swedish Rite and established a Masonic system with several more degrees than the English model of Apprentice, Fellow Craft and Master Mason. (Prince Edward. incidentally, passed all the degrees of the Swedish Rite.) The top one in the Swedish Rite is now Most Enlightened Brother, Knight Commander of the Red Cross (the 11 th Degree) of which there are around 60. In 1811 Karl established the Royal Order of King Karl III, a civil order which, although not a Masonic degree, has a membership of only 33, all of whom must be Masons of the 11th degree.

The Swedish Rite is today worked all over Scandinavia and is unusual in that. where:vs in most other countries Freemasons have to profess a belief in a Supreme Being, be it the Christian or Jewish God, or one of the Pantheon of other faiths and religions, in Sweden. Christianity is a prerequisite for membership of The Craft.

The Masonic world is there led to believe that the universality of the Craft means the admission into the Order of all persons, whatever their creed or belief.

“The officers of the lodge are elected or appointed annually. Every Masonic Lodge has a Master, two Wardens, a secretary and a treasurer. Mere is also a Tyler, or outer guard, who is always present outside the door of a working lodge. Other offices vary between jurisdictions.” “Each Masonic lodge exists and operates according to a set of ancient principles known as the Landmarks of Freemasonry. These principles have thus far eluded any universally accepted definition, and Masonic author Alain lJernheim questions the usefulness of the concept.” “Freemasonry describes itself as a beautiful system of morality, wiled in allegory and illustrated by symbols. The symbolism is mainly, but not exclusively, drawn from the manual tools of stonemasons – the square and compasses, the level and plumb rule, the trowel, among others. A moral lesson is attached to each of these tools, although the assignment is by no means consistent. The meaning of the symbolism is taught and explored through ritual”

“All Freemasons begin their journey in the “craft” by being progressively initiated, passed and raised into the three degrees of craft, or blue lodge Masonry. During these three rituals, the candidate is progressively taught the meanings of the lodge symbols, and entrusted with grips. signs and words to sage to other Masons that he has been so initiated. The initiations are part allegory and part lecture, and revolve around the construction of the Temple of Solomon.

Sword of Sweden, instituted in 1522, (or, according to some writers, in 1525,)

1621 — Rite of Illuminati of Stockholm founded in Sweden, and resuscitated in France, under Masonic forms.

1653 – Amaranta – Order of knighthood in Sweden began 1653.

The Rite Of Swedenborg Or Illuminati Of Stockholm (Founded 1721). Rite of the Illuminati of Avignon, being the system of Swedenborg
Seraphim of Sweden (1748).

The Rite Of Swedenborg Or Illuminati Of Stockholm (Founded 1721). Rite of the Illuminati of Avignon, being the system of Swedenborg
Freemasonry arrived in Sweden as early as 1733, when the lieutenant Axel Wrede Sparre opened a so called private lodge on Riddarholmen in Stockholm. Like many other young Swedish aristocrats during this period. Wrede Sparre had been Initiated Into Freemasonry abroad – in Wrede Spare’s case he had been initiated into a French-Jacobite lodge in Paris at the age of 23, in 1731. It was also in Paris that the future first Swedish National Grand Master, Carl Fredrick Scheffer, was initiated in 1737. and Scheffer would in November of that year receive a charter from Charles Radclyffe, Earl of Denventwater. to open one or more lodges in Sweden under French obedience. In addition to this charter, Radclyffe provided a set of Régles générales, which regulated the work in Sweden.

The 1740s marked a chaotic period in Swedish Freemasonry, with several different lodges competing for recognition, often either founded by foreign masons in Sweden (such as General Keith’s lodge 1743-44, and the Lodge of Kilwinning (Sw. Kilwinningska logen), set up temporarily in Ystad In 1746 by officers from the army of Charles Edward Stuart), or by Swedish Masons who had been initiated abroad. In 1732 Knut Posse founded the lodge St Jean Auxiliaire at Stockholm, which is usually credited as the first regularly constituted lodge in Sweden (with a charter from count Clermont-Tonnerre). and in 1753 Wrede Sparre. who had opened the first lodge in Sweden, would join the lodge and turn over his charter from Radclyffe. Jean Auxiliaire became known as the Mother Lodge and was the most dominant lodge in Sweden during the 1750s, and it was through this lodge that much of the work in Sweden was organised and regulated. Carl Fredrick Scheffer also affiliated with the lodge, and in 1753 he was elected the first National Grand Master, while the Swedish king Adolf Fredrik a few months later became the royal protector of Freemasonry.

Freemasonry would from then on enjoy royal patronage in Sweden. It was also during this period that an increasing number of high degrees were introduced from abroad. These were in 1759 regulated by the creation of a national ruling body, the so-called Swedish Grand Chapter with the Influential Mason Carl Friedrich Eckleff as its first Grand Master. Eckleft played a key role in introducing the high degrees that later would be used by Duke Charles when creating the Swedish Rite. The so-called Acts of Eckleff consisted of St Andrew’s or Ecossais degrees which Eckleff allegedly had received from Strasbourg in 1756, and Chapter or Templar degrees received from Geneva in 1759.

During the 1760s the nascent Swedish Rite consisted of nine degrees in total: three Craft degrees, three St. Andrew’s degrees. and three Chapter or Templar degrees. These degrees would be revised a number of times, and eventually a uniform system was created, in which each degree was connected to each previous degree in a systematic and pedagogical way. In par-ticular, it was Duke Charles, later King Charles XIII, who together with fellow Freemasons such as Reuterholm, was responsible for creating the Swedish Rite and giving it the form and content that it maintains to this day. The remainder of this chapter will thus focus on Duke Charles, the creator of the Swedish Rite, and his friend Reuterholm, the latter being an illustrative example how esotericism and Freemasonry often were Interpreted as being inseparable during the eighteenth century.

Duke Charles and Creation of the Swedish Rite

Duke Charles (1748-1818), later King Charles XIII. of Sweden, became a Freemason together with his two brothers Gustavus and Duke Fredrik Adolphus in 1771 through the Craft lodge The Swedish Army’s Lodge (Sw. Svenska armeens loge), and two years later, on 4 May 1773. Charles was initiated into the Grand Chapter, in which he chose the knightly name Eques Sole Vivificante. Charles became a dedicated Freemason for the rest of his life, and he was Instrumental in shaping the Swedish Rite which is still being worked in Scandinavia. On 8 April 1774. Charles founded a Scottish (St. Andrew’s) lodge that met until 1777 in his private rooms at the royal palace in Stockholm. The lodge was called The Scottish Lodge of Duke Charles of Södermanland and later changed its name to The Blazing Star.

Illuminati of Avignon was introduced into Paris by a Benedictine monk, named Pernetti, and Baron Gabrianca, a Polish nobleman, about 1760. Rite of Swedenborg was framed from the system of the Illuminati of Mignon, by the Marquis de Thomae, in 1783.

The Rite Of Swedenborg Or Illuminati Of Stockholm (Founded 1721). Rite of the Illuminati of Avignon, being the system of Swedenborg
Order of the Temple. This order flourished for a brief period in France, during the early part of the present century. The members claimed a regular descent from the Knights Templar of Palestine. Order of Charles XIII. This order was instituted by Charles the Thirteenth. King of Sweden, in 1811, into which distinguished Masons were admitted.

Knights Templar of Palestine may been introduced into Sweden year A.D. 1181 and the first 81 Knights in Sweden.

The degree called in the Swedish system, Knight of Palestine, is said to have descended from the Jewish Nethanims, who were a class vowed to defend the Jewish Temple, and identified with the Essenes ; the degree claims to have been introduced into Sweden in the year A.D. 1181 by 81 Knights who were sheltered by the Archbishop of Upsal.

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